You often feel your ‘to-do’ list at your job is overwhelming, and you have misplaced important items such as car keys, glasses, or your wallet too many times to be normal. Or maybe you have had a friend jokingly say, “you may have ADHD”, and now you feel you may need some help.
What is ADHD, and what does it look like if you or someone you know suffers from it? Is there a treatment or even a cure for ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Understanding the Symptoms and Treatment
ADHD affects children and adults in various ways and is highly heritable. Children with this diagnosis might benefit from parent training/behavioral treatment and/or medication. And 2/3 of children with ADHD continue to have symptoms in adulthood.
ADHD is a disorder that affects the brain and how well a person can pay attention and/or control hyperactive/impulsive behaviors. A person with this disorder might be:
- Hyperactive or impulsive
- High stimulation seeking
- A procrastinator
- Struggling with problem-solving, listening, and time management
Despite these challenges, individuals suffering with ADHD can learn techniques to help deal with their symptoms and lead productive lives.
When a child exhibits these symptoms, his primay care provider will probably order hearing and vision tests to determine if the problem originates with these sensory systems. After this is ruled out, they will probably refer you to a mental health provider that will administer questionnaires and/or tests to determine their areas of difficulty, including behaviors, social skills, and psychological function. Males are more likely to have this diagnosis, with a ratio of 4:1, and predominantly present with hyperactive/impulsive symptoms that might include non-stop talking, fidgeting or inability to sit still, and impatience. Conversely, females are more likely to exhibit inattention and appear to be daydreamers, lack motivation, struggle to complete assignments, or have difficulty listening.